Finance is the elixir that assists in the formation of new businesses, and allows businesses to take advantage of opportunities to grow, employ local workers and in turn support other businesses and local, state and federal government through the remittance of income taxes. The strategic use of financial instruments, such as loans and investments, is key to the success of every business. Financial trends also define the state of the economy on a global level, so central banks can plan appropriate monetary policies.
Types of Finance
Venture capital is an area of finance that specialises in funding new companies and their expansion efforts. Trade finance makes international trade possible by issuing Letters of Credit (LOC) used to purchase goods from overseas companies. An LOC funds the manufacturing of products when a company uses the LOC as collateral for a manufacturer’s loan.
Bank loans help finance accounts receivable, and credit cards help finance a company’s travel and entertainment expenses. All this activity in turn serves to keep money flowing throughout the global economy.
Functions in Finance
Finance is the process of creating, moving and using money, enabling the flow of money through a company in much the same way it facilitates global money flow. Money is created by the sales force when they sell the goods or services the company produces; it then flows into production where it is spent to manufacture more products to sell. What remains is used to pay salaries and fund the administrative expenses of the company.
Benefits of Finance
The flow of finance starts on Wall Street with the creation of capital used to fund business through the issuance of common stock to provide capital, bonds to lend capital and derivatives (packaged groups of securities that help to hedge against financial risk and replace the money banks lend out to borrowers). Public companies and municipalities use this capital to help fund their operations, and banks use it to lend to companies, municipalities and individuals to finance the purchase of goods and services.
Significance of Finance
All facets of the global economy depend upon an orderly process of finance. Capital markets provide the money to support business, and business provides the money to support individuals. Income taxes support federal, state and local governments. Even the arts benefit from the financial process because they draw their money from corporate sponsors and individual patrons. Capital markets create money, businesses distribute it, and individuals and institutions spend it.s text.
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